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Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. Understanding society: an introductory reader(2nd e.d.). Encouraging college students to consider a variety of careers, regardless of whether they are traditionally considered "jobs for men" or "jobs for women," is one way to. (2011). Gender symbols intertwined. Institutionalized sexism is the sexist attitudes that are held by the vast majority of people living in a society where stereotypes and discrimination are the norm (Aronson, Wilson, & Akert, 2011). Pennsylvania State University World Campus. People tend to conform to their group and will do the same even when they engage in discriminatory behaviors as they want to fit in and be accepted by their group which is known as normative conformity (Aronson, Wilson, & Akert, 2011). Applied Social Psychology: Theory and research methods. The red (left) is the female Venus symbol. gender is the social elaboration of biological sex. Boss, J. Gender expression — often an extension of gender identity — involves the expression of a person's gender identity through social roles, appearance and behaviors. My gift was one of the few items of a different color, as I chose yellow and light purple items, which was actually a challenging task to find as most of the items in the store I shopped were blue or pink. When there is differential treatment of people based on their sex the term sexism defines this behavior. Prejudice is a set of attitudes, more likely unfavorable, towards members of a group (Pennsylvania State University, 2011). Sex is commonly understood to be based on a person’s genitals and reproductive organs; these anatomical details are thought to define a person as male or female. Anisogamy, or the size differences of gametes (sex cells), is the defining feature of the two sexes. The young child in the family and the community (4th e.d.). In many ways we are rehearsed into our gender roles, like being prepared for a part in a play: gender is something we do, not something we are (Bergvall, 1999; Butler, 1990). However the categorization according to gender is another way of manipulating members of a society and to promote inequalities. Gender is socially constructed and a result of sociocultural influences throughout an individual's development (Schneider, Gruman & Coutts, 2005). Gender identity can be affected by, and is different from one society to another depending on the way the members of society evaluate the role of females and males. The All About Me resource said gender identity "can best be understood as being a spectrum". Depending on the context, these characteristics may include biological sex, sex-based social structures (i.e., gender roles), or gender identity. In the context of gender, conflict theory argues that gender is best understood as men attempting to maintain power and privilege to the detriment of women. HUMAN SEXUALITY  is the quality of being male or female  is the way in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings 28. It continues throughout the rest of our lives and influences our perspective and the way we view things and situations. In the field of gender and language use, this performance of gender is referred to as 'doing gender.' Our gender identity can be influenced from the ethnicity of the group, their historical and cultural background, family values and religion. The Hijra are largely seen by the world as transgender individuals. GENDER  is a social concept on how men and women should think, feel, and act  refers to femininity or masculinity of a persons’ role and behavior as defined by society 27. Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, and continues to be one of the most notable human rights violations within all societies. Amanda had a lot of difficulty understanding the experiences of these hijra students, most likely because in the United States, gender identity is usually thought of as ________, whereas in India gender identity is more likely to be thought of as ________. Based on this, Dr. Gupta concludes that Benjamin most likely has, When a person experiences conflicting or ambiguous aspects of biological sex, this condition is called, Michael was born with three sex chromosomes. During prenatal care with the use of a sonogram, or at birth, newborns are assigned a sex — either male or female — according to their external genitalia. My study would seek to describe how the limiting factors due to social stigma have affected the sexual health of the Hijra. stereotypes Common beliefs about people of particular genders based on many people's similar gender schemas are called gender. Gender is best understood as being _____ and sexual orientation is best understood as being _____. Sketching out some feminist historyof the terms provides a helpful starting point. Contrarily another form is hostile sexism which is characterized by negative stereotypical views towards women. Which of the following is NOT an example of information contained in some people's gender schemas? Gender is best understood as being _____ and sexual orientation is best understood as being _____. A., & Coutts, L. M. Not surprisingly, social norms for heterosexual coupling and care of any resulting children are closely intertwined with gender. Marisol explains to her best friend that she is bisexual. For instance when a society, due to religious and cultural reasons, view women as weak or inferior people living within the society will develop the same views and will act accordingly. & Taylor H.F. (2005). Furthermore the media also affects and influences gender identity. The blue (right) represents the male Mars symbol. Kohlberg's theory of gender identity development describes how young children learn to understand their gender, and what being that gender means in their everyday life. Lastly another form of sexism is ambivalent sexism which holds views of both hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes simultaneously (Schneider, Gruman & Coutts, 2005). An example similar to the dress code we having for children can also be seen with adults, particularly in the colors, fabrics and designs specific to each gender. There are obvious biological and anthropological differences between the two sexes but we cannot use these differences to infer conclusions and provide stereotyped models about gender. Gender, on the other hand, is a social classification based on one's identity, presentation of self, behavior, and interaction with others. https://sciemce.com/2203103/gender-is-best-understood-as-what-type-of-status Gender discrimination is another way one could define sexism and in particular this is associated with discrimination and stereotyped beliefs against women. all of the options determine biological sex. Discrimination is overt negative behaviors towards a person based on his or her membership in a group (Pennsylvania State University, 2011). Retrieved online at: https://cms.psu.edu, Schneider, F. W., Gruman, J. Gender-based violence is violence directed against a person because of their gender. Aronson, E., Wilson, T.D. 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